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Shima Seiki
Shima Seiki

15th July 2019, Obertshausen

Presenting menswear made from warp-knitted fabrics

Design of a warp-knitted fabric for shirting. © Karl Mayer

Design of a warp-knitted fabric for shirting. © Karl Mayer

Warp-knitted textiles with a woven look are conquering the world of men’s fashion. Jackets, trousers and shirts made from these practical fabrics are often mistaken for woven products, but they offer better easy-care and performance properties.

Warp-knitted fabrics are crease-resistant and machine washable and they dry quickly. By using clever patterning and selected yarns, they can also be made up into items with comfort stretch, which deliver freedom of movement and a perfect fit.

Fabrics for business and casual shirts can be produced on the Karl Mayer’s HKS 3-M high-speed tricot machine in a gauge of E 28. The company recently presented this capability as part of its large and immersive exhibit at the ITMA trade fair in Barcelona.

The shirt in the picture is non-iron, easy-care and comfortable, and is made from polyester and cotton. A fine polyester yarn is processed by ground guide bar GB 1 to form a tricot lapping and GB 3 produces a 2 x 1 lapping with a thicker polyester yarn. With a partial weft lapping made from cotton in-between, GB 2 is responsible for producing a soft, silky feel. The shirt was produced at Karl Mayer.

Warp-knitted textiles for jackets

Jackets can also be manufactured from a fabric produced on an HKS 3-M in a gauge of E 28 (Fig. 2). In this application the bicomponent Lycra T400 fibres give the garment a natural look and feel in particular; they improve the crease resistance and provide elasticity and elastic recovery in every direction.

Design of a warp-knitted fabric for jackets. © Karl Mayer

Design of a warp-knitted fabric for jackets. © Karl Mayer

“The stretch is perfect for producing comfortable jacket fabrics,” the company reports. “Textured yarns and the fabric construction also make another contribution to the elasticity.”

GB 1 works a 2 x 1 lapping and GB 2 works typically a weft lapping to produce the fabric. This construction produces an unusual elastic recovery behaviour for warp-knitted textiles not containing elastane and has already been used successfully to produce tracksuits. However, GB 2 is fully threaded to produce this item of sportswear. On the other hand, the jacket fabric shown on the picture was produced with a 1 in, 1 out threading arrangement in GB 2, which means it has a slightly structured surface. With a full threading arrangement, GB 3 works a tricot construction as the ground.


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